701. Themes in Nepalese History and Culture

                    

Themes in Nepalese History and Culture

 

  Course Code NeHCA-701

Level: M. Phil /PhD

Semester- I         

Paper- I

Credit – 3cr

                                                                                                             TeachingHrs.:48       

                                                    

Course Objective

 

This paper is designed to train students in understanding the method of history writing and also to train students to analyze issues related to major themes of debate in Nepalese history.

 Unit I. Historiography and the pattern of history writing

This course is designed to train students in understanding the method of history writing along with the concept, theory and philosophy of history, necessity of studying history, an introduction to the Nepali historiography and pattern of history writing in Nepal. Students are required to review the readings as suggested.

Unit II. Sources of Nepalese history

The attempt of this course is to help students learn to analyze historical data by studying the different materials. Students will study the following sources and prepare a seminar papers focusing on the nature, scope, weaknesses and authenticity of the sources.

1 Literary source

2 Material remains: (Archaeological Remains, Epigraphs, Coins,

Sculptures, Paintings and Monuments)

          3 Foreign Accounts: (Travelers and their chronicles)

         4 Oral Traditions: Oral history, folklore and the problem of their authenticity

 

 Unit III. Themes in ancient Nepalese history

This course is intended to train students to analyze issues related to major themes of debate in ancient history of Nepal. Students are required to review the readings or write a seminar paper as suggested by the instructor.

The major themes to be discussed are as follows –

  1. The foundation of political system in Nepal: The formulation of the course is in terms of a detailed reading around the key issues relating to the legendry and literary accounts of Nepal in pre-Christian Eras and the problem of authenticity.
  2. Lichchhavi rule: Under this course, Students will study themes related to different aspects of Lichchhavi polity; such as their emergence in polity, their contributions to the development of art and culture, political and cultural ties with the neighboring countries and their decline from the polity.
  3. Debates in ancient history: Under this course students will study themes related to historical conflict of ancient Nepal such eras of Lichchhavi inscription, historicity of Bhrikuti.
  4. Religion and Society in ancient Nepal: The discussion will be focused on the position and status of religion in the polity and society.
  5. Agriculture, trade and traders in ancient Nepal: Under these themes students will be expected to explore technologies and relations of production. Students will also study themes related to emergence of trade networks in ancient Nepal.
  6. Geo-graphical diversity and extent of the country in different periods.

Unit IV. Themes in medieval history of Nepal

Under this course students will study themes related to different aspects of Nepalese history and culture of medieval period and prepare a discussion/seminar paper or any other assignment as suggested by the instructor.

Main themes to be discussed are as follows:

  1. Nepal Samvat as a major historiographic problem concerning its origin.
  2. 2. The nature of the medieval states; this topic intends to interrogate issues related to the nature of states in medieval period. It will cover themes like the nature of states of Karnali Pradesh, Tirahut and Nepal Mandala. The debate on feudalism will be an important part of the study. Achievement of the period to the development of art and culture.
  3. Debates in medieval history: Under this course students will study themes related to historical conflict of early medieval Nepal.
  4. Trade and traders in medieval Nepal: Under this theme students will study themes related to emergence of trade networks in medieval Nepal.

…………………

Evaluation Scheme:

Evaluation is divided into two parts. 60 % of evaluation is done as external evaluation on the basis of the final written examination conducted by the office of the Dean, FoHSS. The remaining 40 % as internal evaluation is evaluated on the basis of different criteria set by the department and the subject teacher. The different criterion includes 5 marks each for Research paper, Seminar paper, Theory/Book review, Term paper, Attendance and home assignment which makes a total of 30 marks. Remaining 10 marks is allocated for presentation. Presentation should be carried out in front of Research Committee. The average marks from all the Research Committee members is calculated.

Note: In each semester students have to prepare only one research paper, seminar paper, term paper and Theory/ Book review. The overall evaluation of these are made by all the subject teachers of all papers. While marks for Attendance and home assignment is carried out by the subject teacher separately.

 

References

English –

Adhikari, Suryamani (1997) The Khasa kingdom.Delhi: Nirala Publication

Ali, B. Shaik (1978) History: Its theory and method. Madras: Macmillan India Ltd.

Bajracharya, Dhanbajra & Kamal Prakash Malla (1985)The Gopalrajavamsali.  Kathmandu:  Nepal Research Centre.

Bendall, Cecil, (1883) Catalogue of the buddhist Sanskrit manuscripts in the university library Cambridge. Cambridge.

Hamilton, Francis Buchanan (1986)  An account of the kingdom of Nepal. New Delhi: Asian Educational Service.

Jha, Hit Narayan (1970) The Licchavis. Varanasi: Chaukhamba Publications.

Kirkpatrick, W.  (1975) An account of the kingdom of Nepaul   (reprint), Delhi:

Asian   Publication Services.

Kolver, Bernhard  & Hema Raj Shakya (1985)Documents from the Rudravarna

Mahavihar Patan, Sankt Augustin: VGH Wissenschaftsverlag.

Petech, L.(1958) Medieval History of Nepal (c. 750-1480), Rome: IsMEO.

Regmi, Dilli Raman (1965) Ancient Nepal, Calcutta: Firma KLM.

—————-(1965) Medieval Nepal, Vols. I-IV.Calcutta: Firma  KLM.

Regmi, D. R. (1965/66) Medieval Nepal part 1-3, Calcutta: Firma K. L. Mukhopadhya,

Regmi,D. R. (1966)Medieval Nepal part IV, Kathmandu:

Richard Rorty (ed.) (1985) Philosophy in history. Cambridge: Cambridge University   Press.

Roerich, G.  N., (1959) Biography of Dharmaswami, Patna:  K. P. Jayasawal

Research Institute

Shakya , Hema Raj and T. R. Vaidya (1970) Medieval Nepal colophons and

inscriptions, Kathmandu: T. R. Vaidya,

Shastri, Hara Prasad (1905)A Catalogue of Palm Leaf and Selected Paper

Manuscripts Belonging to the Darabar Library Nepal, vol. 1 Calcutta:

Baptist Mission Press,

Slusser, Mary Shepherd (1982) Nepala Mandala: A Cultural Study of the Kathmandu

Valley, Princeton: Princeton University Press,

Vansina, J. (1985) Oral tradition as history. Wisconsin University Press.

Vajracharya,DhanaVajra & Kamal P. Malla(1985) The  Gopalraj \Vanshavali, Kathmandu:

नेपाली

अधिकारी, सूर्यमणि (वि.सं.२०६१) खस साम्राज्यको इतिहास, काठमाडौंः भुँडी पुराणप्रकाशन ।

आचार्य बाबुराम, (वि.सं.२०६०) प्राचीनकालको नेपाल, काठमाडौंः श्रीकृष्ण  आचार्य ।

खनाल, मोहनप्रसाद, (वि.स.२०४०) चाँगुनारायणका ऐतिहासिक सामग्री, कीर्तिपुरः नेपाल र

एसियाली अनुसन्धान केन्द्र ।

जोशी, सत्यमोहन, (वि.सं.२०१९) नेपाली राष्ट्रिय मुद्रा, काठमाडौँः जगदम्बा प्रकाशन ।

ढुङ्गेल, रमेश र ऐश्वर्यलाल प्रधानाङ्ग (वि.सं २०५६) मध्यकालीन नेपालको आर्थिक इतिहास कीर्तिपुरः नेपाल र एशियाली अनुसन्धान केन्द्र, त्रि.वि.

नेपाल, ज्ञानमणि, (वि.स.२०४०) नेपाल निरुक्त, काठमाडौंः नेपाल राजकीय प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्ठान

नेपाल, ज्ञानमणि (वि.सं.२०६२) नेपालको माध्यमिककालको इतिहास, काठमाडौंः मकालु बुक्स एण्ड स्टेशेनर्स ।

पन्त, दिनेश राज (वि.सं.२०४१) गोरखाको इतिहास, (पहिलो भाग), काठमाडौंः लेखक स्वयंम

पाण्डे, रामनिवास र दिनेशचन्द्र रेग्मी, (वि.सं.२०५४) नेपालको पौराणिक इतिहास काठमाडौंः,  ने.ए.अ.केन्द्र, त्रि.वि., कीर्तिपुर ।

बाङ्गदेल, लैनसिंह, (वि.सं.२०६२) जयवर्माको मूर्ति र नेपालको वर्मा वंश, काठमाडौंः मण्डला  प्रकाशन ।

राजवंशी, शंकरमान ९सम्पा.० (वि.स.२०२०) सेन वंशावली, काठमाडौँः श्री ५ को सरकार पुरातत्व विभाग ।

रेग्मी, जगदीशचन्द्र. (वि.सं.२०३५) नेपालको राजनैतिक इतिहास, काठमाडौंः नेपाल राजकीय प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्ठान ।                      .

……………(वि.स.२०३९) नेपालको वैधानिक परम्परा, कीर्तिपुरः त्रि. वि. पाठ्यक्रम  विकास

केन्द्र ।

…………………(वि.स.२०५३) लिच्छवि-इतिहास, कीर्तिपुरः नेपाल र एशियाली अनुसन्धान  केन्द्र,

लम्साल, देवीप्रसाद, (वि.सं.२०२३)  भाषावंशावली, द्वितीय भाग, काठमाडौँः श्री ५ को   सरकार, पुरातव विभाग नेपाल राष्ट्रिय पुस्तकालय ।

वज्राचार्य, धनवज्र र अरू (सम्पा.) (वि.स.२०१९)  इतिहास संशोधनको प्रमाण प्रमेय, काठमाडौँः इतिहास  संशोधन मण्डल ।

…………………(वि.स.२०३०) लिच्छविकालका अभिलेख, कीर्तिपुरः त्रि. वि. नेपाल रएसियाली

अध्ययन संस्थान,

…………….(वि.सं.२०३२) नुवाकोटको ऐतिहासिक रुपरेखा, कीर्तिपुरः नेपाल र एशियाली अध्ययन संस्थान, त्रि.वि.।

…………………. (वि.स.२०३७)शाहकालका अभिलेख, भाग १, कीर्तिपुरः त्रि. वि. नेपाल र एसियाली अनुसन्धान केन्द्र ।

…………….्र (वि.सं.२०५३)लिच्छविकालका अभिलेख, कीर्तिपुरः   ने.ए.अ.संस्थान,त्रि.वि.।

…………….(वि.स. २०५६) मध्यकालका अभिलेख, कीर्तिपुरः नेपाल र  एशियाली अनुसन्धान केन्द्र, त्रि.वि.।

…………….्र (वि.सं २०६८) पूर्व मध्यकालका अभिलेख, कीर्तिपुरः नेपाल र  एशियाली अनुसन्धान केन्द्र, त्रि.वि.।

वज्राचार्य, धनवज्र र टेकबहादुर श्रेष्ठ (वि.सं.२०३१) दोलखाको ऐतिहासिक रुपरेखा, कीर्तिपुरः नेपाल र एशियाली अध्ययन संस्थान, त्रि.वि.।

वज्राचार्य, धनवज्र, (वि.स.२०५६) मध्यकालका अभिलेख, कीर्तिपुरः त्रि. वि. नेपाल र एसियाली

अनुसन्धान केन्द्र ।

संस्कृति केन्द्रीय विभाग (वि.सं.२०३७) नेपालको इतिहासका केही विवादस्पद विषयहरु, कीर्तिपुरः संस्कृति के.वि., त्रि.वि.।

शर्मा बुद्घिसागर (वि.स.२०२०) वृहद् सूचीपत्रम्, काठमाडौँः वीर पुस्तकालय ।

शर्मा बुद्घिसागर (वि.स.२०२०) संक्षिप्त सूचीपत्रम्  काठमाडौँः वीर पुस्तकालय ।

ज्ञवाली, सूर्यविक्रम, (वि.स.२०१९)नेपाल उपत्यकाको मध्यकालीन इतिहास, काठमाडौँः रायल नेपाल एकेडमी,