Methodology in Historical and Cultural Research

Course Objectives:

The course offers an overview of the main research design and techniques used in cultural research. It will help students know the qualitative methodology in cultural, historical and social research. By the end of the course, the students shall understand and assess different applied methods of research and use them or integrate various methodologies to apply in their areas of specialization. This course will provide the basic theoretical background and practical ideas to the students about research and familiarize them with the different aspects or contexts. The course will thus equip the student with skills of writing a research proposal, data collection and compilation of the materials for research report.

Course Contents

       Course I – Introduction                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9 hours

  1. Introduction to dissertation: This course is designed to train students in understanding the meaning of research, differences between thesis and dissertation, objectives of writing dissertation, steps in writing dissertation and problems to be faced during dissertation preparation.
  2. Selecting a topic and identifying the problem. This course is designed to train students in understanding the criteria of selecting the research topic, meaning of research problem, objectives of defining a problem, technique of formulating research problem, techniques of presenting research problem.
  3. Reviewing of literature: This course is designed to train the students to understand the meaning and importance of literature review, technique of reviewing literature, different methods of presenting literature review, technique of showing knowledge gap and technique of preparing synthesis paper from literature review.

Course II – Research design and proposal writing.                                             6 hours                                                                                                                

This course is intended to give detailed knowledge about the research design and train them to write a research proposal. Under this course students will study the meaning of research design, need for research design, important concepts and type of research design, presenting of research design in

proposal , main elements of a research proposal and presenting  techniques of  main elements such as objective, literature review, limitation and delimitation, methodology, conceptual frame work, etc in proposal.

Course III – Nature of the sources of information in historical, social and cultural research.                                                                                      6 hours                 

 

This course is intended to give detailed knowledge about the sources of information in empirical methods of cultural research and their nature, importance and methods of uses of these types of sources:

 

Primary Sources of Information – Direct outcomes of events or the records of eye witnesses especially             firsthand information;

  1. a) Original documents b) Relics c) Archaeological remains or Artifacts.
  2.  d)   First hand epigraphical and archival sources.

Secondary Sources of Information – Information provided by a person who did not directly observe the event, object, or condition; Published and previously used documents, archival documents, inscriptions, ancient coins and archaeological remains.

Course IV – Methods of Data Collection.                                              15 hours                                         

This course is intended to give a detailed knowledge about the methods of data collection in historical, cultural social and archaeological research. Under this course students will study the different methods of data collection to collect the primary and secondary data for historical, cultural, social and archaeological research. Students will study the sampling design.: Principle of sampling and its significance in social research, Criteria of selecting a sampling procedure, Characteristics of a good sample design,  Different types of sample designs and the methods of determining sample size.

 

Course V – Processing, Analysis and Presentation of Data                                 12hours

1 This course is intended to give a detailed knowledge about the method and technique of editing, coding classification and analysis of qualitative data.

  1. This course is designed to train students in understanding the:
  2. a) Format of writings and presentation of research report &dissertation manuscripts.
  3. b) Methods of citation and the avoidance of plagiarism.
  4. c) Current methods of preparing reference list

 

Evaluation Scheme:

Evaluation is divided into two parts. 60 % of evaluation is done as external evaluation on the basis of the final written examination conducted by the office of the Dean, FoHSS. The remaining 40 % as internal evaluation is evaluated on the basis of different criteria set by the department and the subject teacher. The different criterion includes 5 marks each for Research paper, Seminar paper, Theory/Book review, Term paper, Attendance and home assignment which makes a total of 30 marks. Remaining 10 marks is allocated for presentation. Presentation should be carried out in front of Research Committee. The average marks from all the Research Committee members is calculated.

Note: In each semester students have to prepare only one research paper, seminar paper, term paper and Theory/ Book review. The overall evaluation of these are made by all the subject teachers of all papers. While marks for Attendance and home assignment is carried out by the subject teacher separately.

 

 

 

References

American Psychological Association,(2010) Publication manual sixth edition. Washington, DC:   APA.

Bailey, K. D. (2007). Methods of social research (Fourth ed). New York: Free Press

Black, J. & Dean J.C. (1976). Methods & issues in social research. New York: John

Wiley and Sons.

CDDS. (2013). Handbook for research methodology. Kirtipur: T.U.: Cent. Dept of Population Studies,

Cochran W. G. (1963). Sampling technique. (Second ed). A Wiley International edition.

Creswell, J.W.(2009) Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed methods approaches New Delhi : SAGE Publications India Pvt. Ltd.

Dahal,P.&Khatiwada,S.P.(2058).Anusandhanpaddhati(Vernacular). Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers.

Goodie. J.W &. Halt, K. P.(1952). Methods in social research. McCraw: Hill Bood company. Inc.

Gupta, M.& Gupta, D.(2011) Research methodology. New Delhi : PHIlearning private limited.Guthrie, G. ( 2012). Basic research methods. India: Sage Publications.

Harris, D. (2020) Literature review and research design: A Gudie to effective research practice.New York: Routledge , Taylor and Francis group .

Kothari,C.R.& Garg, G. (2014) Research methodology : Methods and techniques

(3rd Edition).New Delhi: New age international publishers.

Lida,P.,Ruegg,R. ,Poer, M.D., Araki,N.&Acnello,M.F.(2020). The Concise APA handbook APA 7th            edition.Charlotte,NC : Information age publishing, INC.

Raya, P. (1989). Ansundhaparichaya(Hindi). Agra: L.N. Agrawal.

Rahim, F.A. (2006). Thesis writing: A manual for researchers. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited Publishers .

Wolf, H. K. & Pant, P.R. (1999). A Handbook of social science research and thesis writing. Kathmandu: P.R. Pant.

Young, P.V.&Schmid, C.F. (2012) Scientific social surveys and research : An   introduction to the background, content, methods and analysis of social studies . New York: Prentice.