702. Theoretical Approaches and Characteristic of Nepali Culture

Objective: The main objective of this course is to provide theoretical base of culture to understand the essences of different facets of cultural contexts in Nepalese Society. The course explores various theories and perspectives to look at them. The students will analyze, examine, evaluate and develop specific and thematic concepts, perspectives and theoretical approaches on Nepali culture and society.                                                                                        

 

Unit I. Theoretical Approaches of Culture                                          30 hrs.

This course is designed to train students to understanding the theoretical approaches of culture along with its concept, characteristic and elements. Under this theme, the following areas are discussed in the class. Students are required to review the readings or prepare a seminar paper as suggested by the instructor.

  1. Cultural Theory and its importance.
  2. Definition, characteristic and elements of Culture.
  3. Relativism: – Cultural Variation and Pluralism, Ethnocentrism
  4. Theoretical Approaches:-Cultural Evolutionism, Neo-Evolutionism, Diffusionism and Functionalism
  5. Cultural Ecology and Cultural Materialism
  6. Culture and Symbolism and Culture and Personality
  7. Development, study in Culture Theories in Nepal

Unit II.Characteristics of Nepalese Society and culture                           9 hrs                                               The attempt of this course is to help students learn to analyze the nature, elements and characteristic of Nepali culture by studying the following aspects. Students will prepare a seminar paper focusing on the nature and characteristics of Nepali culture or as suggested by the instructor.

  1. Basic characteristic of Nepali Culture People of Nepal, Ethnicity and Racial concepts of Nepali culture .
  1. People and Culture of Himalayan Region, Hill Region, and Terai Region of Nepal: their Settlement pattern, their social and culture pattern.

 Unit III. History of Culture change in Nepal         9 hrs.

This course is designed to make students aware of the agents and patterns of culture change in Nepal. Under this theme, students will study the following aspects of culture change and prepare a seminar paper or any other assignment as suggested by the instructor.

  1. Various theories regarding culture change.
  2. Concept, status of cultural change and main agents of culture change in Nepal.
  3. Problems and issues of National Integration.

Evaluation Scheme:

Evaluation is divided into two parts. 60 % of evaluation is done as external evaluation on the basis of the final written examination conducted by the office of the Dean, FoHSS. The remaining 40 % as internal evaluation is evaluated on the basis of different criteria set by the department and the subject teacher. The different criterion includes 5 marks each for Research paper, Seminar paper, Theory/Book review, Term paper, Attendance and home assignment which makes a total of 30 marks. Remaining 10 marks is allocated for presentation. Presentation should be carried out in front of Research Committee. The average marks from all the Research Committee members is calculated.

Note: In each semester students have to prepare only one research paper, seminar paper, term paper and Theory/ Book review. The overall evaluation of these are made by all the subject teachers of all papers. While marks for Attendance and home assignment is carried out by the subject teacher separately.

References:

Abraham, M. F. (1992). Modern sociological theory. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Applebaum, H. (1987). Perspective in cultural anthropology. Albany: State university of New York Press.

Barnous , V. (1973). Culture and personality. Homewood, Illinois: The Dorsey Press.

Benedict, R. (1974).Patterns of culture. Boston: Houghton Mifflin

Bennett,J. W. (1978), The ecological transition: Cultural   anthropology and human adaptation, Oxford, New York, Toronto, Sydney, Paris, Frankfurt: Pergamon Press.

Clifford, J. & George M. E. (ed). (1986). Writing culture: The poetics and politics of ethnography; Berkeley: University of California Press.

Clifford, J. (1988). The predicament of culture: Twentieth century ethnography literature and art. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Engels, F. (1984). The origin of the family, Private Property and the State. New York: International Publishers.

Firth, R. (1963). Elements of social orginisation. Boston: Beacon Press.

Fortes, M. (1953). Kinship and the Social order: The Legacy of Lewis Henry Morgan. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Co. Geertz,

——– (1973). The interpretation of culture, New York: Basic Books.

Godelier, M.(1978). Perspectives in Marxist anthropology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Harris, M.(1978). Culrutal materialism: The struggle for a science and culture. New York: Random House.

Herskovits, M.J. (1955). Cultural anthropology. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishing Company.

Keesing, R. M.(1974). Theories of Culture. In Annual Review of Anthropology Bernard J. Siegal (ed.) Palo Alto California: Annual Reviews INC.

Kroeber, A. (1952 ). Introduction in nature and culture. Chicago: University of Chicago, Press.

—————–(1952). The concept of culture in science, nature and culture. Chicago: University of Chicago; Press.

Kursanov, G, ( 1967). Fundamentals of dialectical materialism. Moscow: Progress Publishers.

Langness, L.L.,(1974).  The study of culture. New York: Chandler and Sharp Publishers.

Linton, R. (1945) The cultural background of personality. New York: Appletion Century crofts.

Locke, J. (1894). (Original 1690) An essay concerning human understanding. Oxford: England: Clarendon Press.

Lowice, R. H., (1920). Primitive society. New York: Liverright Publicing Corporation.

Malinoski, B., (1994). A scientific theory of culture and other essay. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Regmi, R. R. (2007).  Models of culture Nepal.  Kirtipur: Academic Book Center T.U.

Smith, G.E.,(1927). The diffusion of culture. New York: W.W. Norton and Company.

Shrivastava, A.R.N.(2005) Essentials of cultural anthropology. India: Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.

Steward, J. (1968).  Cultural ecology: An international encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. New York: Macmillian Company.

—————- (1930). Theory of cultural change: The methodology of multilinear evolution. Urban: University of Illinois Press.

Turner, V. (1969). The ritual process: Structure and Anti- Structure. New York: Aldine Publishing.

Tylor, E.B. (1871). Primitive culture (Vol.2). London: Murray.

White, L. A.  (1949). The science of culture. New York: Farrar Straus.